VEGETABLES

RABBIT-SAFE VEGETABLES

Just a small piece of vegetable. Not the whole vegetable and vary the diet with different vegetable daily. Vegetable roots and fruits store energy, so are naturally high in sugars and should make up a small portion of your rabbit’s diet. 

  • Asparagus 
  • Baby sweet corn 
  • Broccoli. Take care for sensitive rabbits. 
  • Brussels sprouts. Take care for sensitive rabbits. 
  • Cabbage. Safe in moderation as it may cause gas. Take care for sensitive rabbits. 
  • Carrot. Limited fresh carrot as a treat only. Cooked carrots help to treat diarrhoea. When cooked, it seems to soothe the digestive tract and control the diarrhoea also providing nutriments that are lost. 
  • Cauliflower. Take care for sensitive rabbits. 
  • Celeriac 
  • Celery. Soup celery is best. Table celery has stringy stalk that could get caught in the rabbits’ teeth, rather chop it up in small pieces. 
  • Cucumber 
  • Eggplant. Purple fruit only as the leaves are toxic. 
  • Fennel bulb 
  • Horseradish 
  • Jerusalem artichoke 
  • Kohlrabi 
  • Marrow 
  • Okra 
  • Parsnip. Very small amount as it contains a lot of phosphorus. High in sugars and acidity. 
  • Peas. Snow peas (or Chinese Pea Pods). No dried peas. Fresh peas contain a large amount of sugars and starches. 
  • Pumpkin. The pumpkin peel, flesh and insides contain phosphorus, beta-carotene, vitamins and minerals, but also a high amount of sugar. It is also very acidic and too much starch for rabbit to eat on a regular basis. 
  • Radish. Take care for sensitive rabbits. 
  • Swedes Turnip. Take care for sensitive rabbits. 


PLEASE NOTE: 

Before feeding any new greens and herbs to your pets, there are a few things to keep in mind: 
  • As with everything in life, moderation is the key. Too much of ONE kind of food is also not good for the rabbit’s diet and health. 
  • Always offer FRESH plants, fruit and vegetables. Wilted plants could cause bloating and diarrhoea; 
  • If plants are gathered in nature, be sure that it has not been exposed to chemicals (e.g. weedkillers) or pollution from busy roads. 
  • Any plants that remain uneaten after several hours should be removed; 
  • Don’t overfeed, give a little of the new food one at a time and it should be introduced slowly so that your rabbit’s gut bacteria can adapt to processing the new food; 
  • Be careful to supplement pregnant does with herbs as some herbs may trigger uterine contractions; 
  • When introducing new foods, keep an eye out on your rabbit’s droppings as changes in these is generally the first sign that you have gone a little fast in introducing new foods; 
  • If your rabbit stops producing droppings, refuses food or has watery droppings, seek immediate veterinary advice. 



Sources: 
Kanin.org (2006- 2014) Rabbit Information Articles. Retrieved from http://kanin.org/node/191; 
The Natural Trail (2003). Garden Vegetables and Herbs You Can Plant to Feed Rabbits. Retrieved from http://www.thenaturetrail.com/rabbit-health- feeding/plants-garden-herbs/ ; 
The Humane Society of the United States (2018) Plants that may poison you pets. Retrieved from http://www.humanesociety.org/animals/resources/tips/plants_poisonous_to_pets.html; 
Rise and Shine Rabbitry (2018) Safe food list for rabbits. Retrieved from https://riseandshinerabbitry.com/2012/02/26/safe-food-list-for-rabbits/; 
Bunny Approved (2014) Edible Flowers and Petals for Rabbits. Retrieved from: http://bunnyapproved.com/edible-flowers- and-petals-for-rabbits/ ; 
Zooh.Corner (2018) Vegetables and Fruit for Bunnies. Retrieved from http://www.mybunny.org/info/rabbit-diet-and-nutrition/vegetables-and-fruits-for-bunnies/; 
Kaning.org (2018) rabbit Forum. Retrieved from http://kanin.org/forum/ ; 
The Rabbit House (2018). 5 Rabbit Safe Weeds for Foraging. Retrieved from: http://www.therabbithouse.com/blog/2014/06/04/rabbit-safe-weeds/ ; 
Edelweiss Ranch & Rabbitry () Natural Remedies For Rabbits. Retrieved from: http://www.edelweissranch.com/natural-rabbit-remedies.html ; 
Mother Earth Living Natural Home, Healthy Life (2001) Pet corner: Herbal Remedies for Rabbit Illnesses. Retrieved from: https://www.motherearthliving.com/pet-health/pet-corner-herbal-remedies-for-rabbits-26 ; 
Rabbits.Life (2017) Choose The Best Vegetables For Rabbits. Retrieved from: https://rabbits.life/choose-the-best-greens-for-rabbits/ ; 
White Wing Rabbitry (2015) Medicinal Herbs For Rabbits. Retrieved from: http://whitewingrabbitry.weebly.com/medicinal-herbs-for- rabbits.html ; 
South Africa.co.za (2018) Rabbit Feeding. Retrieved from: http://southafrica.co.za/rabbit-feeding.html ; 
The Spruce Pets. (2018) Safe Wood and Other Plants for Rabbits. Retrieved from https://www.thesprucepets.com/safe- woods-and-plants-for-rabbits-1239351 ;  
BunnyHugga (2010) Poisonous plants. Retrieved from http://www.bunnyhugga.com/a-to-z/feeding/poisonous-plants.html 

McVicar, J (2011). Jekka’s Complete Herb Book. London: Kyle Books ; 
Roberts, M (2015). 100 New Herbs. Cape Town: Struik Nature ; 
Roberts, M (2002). My 100 Favouritte herbs. Cape Town: Struik Nature ; 
Van Wijk, Y (1992). Herbal First Aid for Pets & Other Animals. Hoekwil: Blackwoods Herbs 

Special thanks to: 
Canaan Maendesa: Maendesa Farm, Chikwakwa, Zimbabwe Janet De Waal: Cape Bijoux Rabbitry, Western Cape, South Africa Judy Stuart: Future Farmers, Howick, South Africa Karoline Steenkamp: Cape Rabbit Club, Cape Town, South Africa Ruth Bachmann: Meummelmann Rabbity, Western Cape, South Africa
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